How To Install Component Speaker In The Shortest Time Possible
It uses separate tweeters, speakers, and the crossover to enable it to send out a very dynamic sound. If you install it in your car, you will enjoy the sound that comes out. The crossover produces low frequencies which are then transmitted to the woofer while the high frequencies are sent to the tweeters, making each driver produce a clear sound.
The component speakers will offer you with greater imaging possibilities as compared to full range speakers due to increased flexibility in aim, placement, and control.
That is why knowing how to install component speakers is a must for all music lovers. Though it is expensive, it is worth the price and its installation requires much time and dedication than the normal speaker installation.
Depending on the type of vehicle you have and where you choose to do the placement of the component speakers, you might require to do drills or even cut; prepare for this and more. And that is the reason why I came up with this installation guide to enable you to have a glimpse of what to expect.
What You Require
1. Shop Rag
It will be used to remove dirt and make sure that the circuit board is clean during the installation. It will have a variety of work during the component installation.
2. Wire Ties
It will be used to harness and bundle the wires during installation. It is capable of holding small loads and large ones too so it is a must have.
It will be used during the speaker installation to cut angles up to 45 degrees and miter joints. Make sure it is available.
You will use it to fasten screws or to make starter holes.
5. Utility Knife
You will need it for utility purposes during installation like cutting wires or other crafts.
6. Wire Stripper
Needed for stripping the electrical insulation of the electric wires during cabling.
7. Heat Gun
It will be used for provision of hot air.
It will be used for power sourcing.
9. Retaining Clip Remover
It will be used for removing the clips.
10. Allen Wrenches
11. Wire Cutter
It will be used for cutting the wire during the installation.
12. Soldering Iron
It will be used for fixing the tweeters, speakers and the crossover intact so that they don’t move but remain intact.
There are some areas which will require filing during the installation.
14. Electric Drill
It will be used for drilling holes wherever you want to install the component speakers.
How To Install Component Speaker
How To Install The Tweeters In A Component Speaker
I did place mine on the doors, but you can do it wherever you think is best for you like in the kick panels, the car sail or the dashboard. You will need to do some modification on the panel as very few vehicles come with a factory tweeter mounts. The extent to which you will do the modification will entirely depend on your vehicle model, the mounting method; surface mounting or flush mount.
If you decide to use the surface mounting, then there will be no need for modifications as you will just place the tweeters on top of a surface leaving you with a more noticeable installation.
You will need to cut a hole through the door or whichever surface that will be preferable to you to allow the tweeters to sit level with the interior panel, thus giving it a smooth, customized look.
Whichever method you decide to use, make sure that the tweeters are mounted within 12 inches of the woofer to avoid a sonic wave cancellation happening, which interferes with the low and high-frequency production.
How To Install The Woofer In A Component Speaker
You are free to install it on the kick panel, your dashboard or doors, whatever you find comfortable with yourself. Most cars come with factory speaker location.
Thus, you can use it to install them with little or no adjustment to them. All you will need to do is to drill some extra holes where to fix screws, cut a small area of Pressboard or metal, or you can decide to file the door panel.
If you have to modify, you will require drilling and cutting. Make sure that, before you start the cutting and drilling, you are not going to interfere with the car mechanism at all and that the speakers will be able to fit. The process can be complicated and time-consuming, especially when you are doing it for the first time. Just take precautions, and everything will run on smoothly.
How To Install The Crossover
It can be tricky for you when it comes to finding the ideal spot in your car where to install the crossover as it needs to be kept in a place with no interference from any moving parts of the car and where they won’t vibrate or get wet.
The ideal place to mount your crossover is the panel near the speakers though some of my friends have mounted them under the car seat. When you mount the panel closer to the speaker, it becomes better as it will be able to cut down on noise production. For housing the crossovers, you can do it behind the kick panels or the door.
Other Things To Consider
Do you need new wiring? If you are installing the component speakers using the factory or aftermarket stereo, then the wire which came with the system can just be fine.
But if you are planning to add other components such as an external amplifier at 50 watts RMS and above, then I recommend that you remove the factory wire and use a new one of between 14 to 16 gauge.
Just like with any other electronic installation, you will need to disconnect the negative cable from the battery to avoid any accident on yourself or your car. At the same time, make sure that the tools above are at hand so that, once you start the job, you don’t stop midway to search for a missing tool.