The tie rods are one of the various components of the steering system. Your steering system has a steering wheel, the wheels, tie rods, a steering gear, and a steering column. In short, your tie rods are the sections that join the steering gear to your front wheels of the car.
Hence, when you turn the steering wheel, your tie rods help the steering gear in to point the front tires in a particular direction you prefer to go.
The rods are exposed to a lot of abuse since they are utilized continuously when the vehicle is moving. That wear is usually accelerated if your car is modified, such as with a lowered vehicle or a lifted truck, because of the changing geometry of the suspension.
The road conditions can as well add to the excessive wear, because of the unmaintained potholes and road.
What Will You Need
- Half inch breaker bar
- Half inch socket. 21mm and 19mm
- Tie rod puller tool
- Tie rod(s)
- Safety glasses
- Safety Jack stands (2)
- Liquid marking pen
- Floor jack
- Cotter pins
- Combination wrenches, 24mm-13mm
- ⅜ socket set 19mm-10mm
- ⅜ inch ratchet
Easy Step By Step Procedure Of Replacing The Tie Rod
Replacing a tie rod can be done at home be the vehicle owner; however, it is advisable to have the alignment looked at and inspected as soon as possible after the repair to make sure your tires wear evenly and nice.
The tie rod ends come in various designs and differ from one car to the other. Hence, make sure to get the right tie end for your particular car.
Park the vehicle on a ground level and loosen the lug nuts. Utilize the breaker bar and the right size socket to loosen up the lug nuts at the front two wheels; however, do not remove them yet.
Raise the car. Use your floor jack to lift the front tires from the ground then secure the car in the air using your safety jack stands.
You should note that, when raising the car, you can always lift it by frame on trucks as well as from the welds on vehicles. You will end up seeing rubber pads, arrows or the reinforced area under the car to raise.
In case you doubt where to raise, refer to your manufacturer’s manual to get the proper raising points on the particular car.
Remove the tire and the lug nuts. This will permit you to get access to the steering components.
Rotate the steering wheel to the right direction. Your tie rod should be pushed in the direction of the outside of the car.
To push the correct tie rod to the outside, your steering wheel should be rotated to the left and vice versa. When the tie rod is facing the outside of the car, it gives you a room to perform the repair.
Get yourself ready to remove the tie rod. Use the right size combination wrench to loosen up the locking nut for the tie rod.
Loosen the nut so the as to expose the threads at the end of outer tie rod and utilize the marking pen in marking those threads. The marks will assist you later when installing the new tie rods.
Get rid of the cotter pin from the tie rod. Then look for the correct size socket and the ⅜ ratchet. Loosen up and remove your castle nut that fastens your tie rod to the steering knuckle.
Remove the old tie rod. Use the tie rod puller to break your inner tie rod out of its cavity at the steering knuckle.
Then rotate the tie rod end in a counterclockwise to pull out the inner tie rod. Take count of every full rotation while removing the tie rod, along with the marking you made earlier, will be important to install a new tie rod.
Install the new tie rod. Screw in your new tie rod with the same number of rotations it took you to pull out the old one. The new tie rod should line up to the markings you made earlier.
Insert the other end of your tie rod into its cavity of your steering knuckle. Then install and tight the nut to fasten the tie rod end to the knuckle. Slide in a new cotter pin via the tie rod and the fastening nut.
Use the combination wrench in tightening the lock nut as well as securing your outer tie rod to the inner tie rod.
Reinstall your car’s tires, tighten and snug lug nuts, then lower the car. Once the tire is set back and the lug nuts snugged down, utilize the floor jack to get rid of the safety jack stands and then lower your car to the ground. Tighten the lug nuts half to three quarter rotation past snug.
Watch video to know more
It feels good if you successfully change the car’s tie rod. Because of the fact that the toe rod controls your toe alignment angle, it is advisable to take the car to the nearest tire shop or automotive to have the front wheel alignment catered.
Proper alignment will make sure that the tires wear evenly when driving. In case you do not feel comfortable doing the repair by yourself, you can take your car to an expert mechanic who will perfectly do it for you.